Health issues of the Teacup Yorkie
"Teacup" is a term used by unethical breeders to get ignorant people to buy their dogs.
Here is the breed standard for yorkies: Yorkshire Terrier Standard ...
Now for the potential health issues
Yorkshire Terriers are extremely susceptible to both hereditary and non-hereditary health problems, including birth defects that may go undetected for a long time.
Other common problems may include, but are not limited to, diarrhea, vomiting, along with extra and expensive tests prior to routine teeth cleanings and surgeries. Small ones are more likely to have poor reactions to anesthesia and die from it. Tiny dogs are more easily injured by falls, being stepped on and being attacked by other dogs. These health problems nearly always result in large veterinary bills.
Please take this into consideration and make purchasing a healthy pet your top priority, not size. The "novelty" is certainly not worth the pain, heartbreak, or extra expense. Remember, all Yorkies are comparatively small.
The most important thing is finding a healthy puppy that will grow into a healthy adult, especially since you looking at an 11 to 15 year commitment with your Yorkie. This information was obtained from the Yorkshire Terrier Club of America's website
The Teacup Yorkie is not a separate breed; rather they are an arbitrary size category advertised by some Yorkie breeders.
Teacup Yorkies are not recognized by the Kennel Clubs and, if shown in other non-Kennel Club sponsored events, compete against the same breed standard as Yorkie dogs that typically weigh between four and seven pounds, as per the standard.
Yorkie breeders offering what are called Teacup Yorkies or Micro or Minnie Yorkies are classifying these dogs as Yorkies under 4.5 pounds, some weighing even under 2 pounds. Since the breed standards for Yorkshire Terriers have changed little over the years so where did these tiny versions of Yorkie dogs come from?
Well, the Teacup Yorkie developed from breeding standard sized toy group Yorkshire Terriers.
In some breedings one or more of the litter would be well below the minimum weight range, and these smaller puppies became popular as novelty type dogs. The Teacup Yorkie is so named because with their small size they were, even as adults, often able to fit into a teacup.
Ethical and reputable Yorkie breeders simply kept these small dogs as pet quality, neutering or spaying them to prevent them from reproducing. Yorkie breeders typically will not use any female Yorkies in breeding programs if they have a mature weight of less than five pounds, since there is an increased likelihood of pregnancy complications and the chance of producing very small and possibly unhealthy puppies.
Unfortunately some Yorkie breeders saw potential market for the very smallest of these Yorkie dogs and started to attempt to breed for smaller and smaller sizes.
Some of the hereditary or genetic health conditions that are more common in the Teacup Yorkie as opposed to standard sized Yorkie dogs include heart birth defects, kidney functioning problems, early tooth loss or poor tooth formation and severe digestive problems that can result in chronic diarrhea and vomiting.
They are also more likely to have problems in digesting food that can result in a greater potential for disease and health conditions such as diabetes and blood sugar balancing issues. Since these Teacup Yorkies are so small, even a minor blood sugar problem can result in the dog going into a coma and dying, often before the owner is even aware of what is happening.
In addition bone disease and skeletal development is often abnormal in some lines of the Teacup Yorkie size, resulting in mobility problems and developmental problems as the puppy ages and matures.
Smaller versions of the already small Yorkshire Terriers are in greater risk for various types of injuries.
A Teacup Yorkie cannot tolerate any type of fall or jump, so keeping these dogs off furniture is important, or teaching them to wait to be picked up and lifted down is absolutely essential.
The Teacup Yorkie, at roughly the same size as a can of soda can easily get into smaller places than even a standard sized Yorkshire Terrier, so the house must be carefully puppy and dog proofed to prevent accidents and injury to the tiny puppy.
A Teacup Yorkie is also at far greater risk of being stepped on or injured in play. These tiny dogs can easily go unnoticed, even by careful owners, often with disastrous results if the owner is rushing to answer a phone or the door.
Not all of the small sized Teacup Yorkie dogs have serious health issues, however it is an important consideration that prospective owners need to keep in mind.
Housetraining a Teacup Yorkie is also very challenging and many have bladder and bowel control problems that prevent them from being completely housetrained even when they are fully mature.
While many Yorkie breeders actively breed for these tiny versions of the toy breed, however just as many Yorkshire Terrier breeders are very much against the breeding, selling or promoting of Teacup Yorkies. The Yorkshire Terrier Club of America, as well as most Kennel Clubs will not register a Teacup Yorkie because of the health conditions and genetic factors that contribute to the development of the breed.
Before considering a Teacup Yorkie prospective owners need to understand that these dogs, although often several times the cost of standard sized Yorkshire Terriers are at far greater health risk and more likely to have ongoing health problems and a much shorter life.